Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Cause, Effect And Solution

Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most frequently diagnosed nerve entrapment disorder reported. Exceedingly inconvenient and debilitating, the carpal tunnel syndrome typically includes pain and paresthesia (ie, tingling pins and needles sensation), numbness, tingling and reduced coordination of the thumb, index middle and sometimes one-half of the ring fingers. If left untreated, the carpal tunnel syndrome usually leads to wasting away from the thenar eminence muscles located at the base of the thumb in the hand.

Population studies conducted in Sweden indicate that the prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome is 2.7 percent. However, diagnostic procedures and scientific measurement approaches vary, making it difficult to ascertain exactly how many people really suffer from the disorder. It is estimated that 3% of people in the United States suffer from this debilitating condition, resulting in about nine million people currently suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome.

What causes carpal tunnel syndrome? The etiology of carpal tunnel syndrome is the subject of significant research, and it appears the nerve entrapment that characterizes carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by numerous occupations and stress factors such as tasks involving repetition, static-flexion (non-moving gripping actions), duration and force which all really have one element in common, overuse of specific muscles or groups of muscles. With the overuse of unidirectional (one-way) movement patterns being so common in today's work force of typing, mousing, meat cutting, assembly line work, it is easy to see that structural imbalances can easily occur in the hand, wrist and forearm that lead to entrapment of the median nerve and the resulting carpal tunnel condition.

Although the structural imbalance definition just described is seemingly common sense, there are also many other arguments of how carpal tunnel syndrome begins. Some suggest that heredity is a primary determinant of the condition, and some studies suggest that genetic loading determines as much as 50 percent of the risk for developing the disorder. Twin studies provide further evidence for heritability, demonstrating higher concordance of carpal tunnel syndrome among monozygotic versus dizygotic twins (ie, the more genes you share, the greater the risk for carpal tunnel syndrome). In addition to heredity, gender, size of wrist, pregnancy, menopause, diabetes, and renal failure have all been associated with the development of carpal tunnel syndrome.

As with many disorders, carpal tunnel syndrome may be affected by genes and./or gender, but reality would stress that occurrence is more likely based on physical demands of specific occupations, the reason that certain occupations have a higher incident rate of carpal tunnel syndrome than others. If carpal tunnel syndrome was based on heredity, gender or size of wrist, the rate of carpal tunnel syndrome would be more substantially generic, with most unisex occupations reporting the same rate of injury no matter what type of physical stress the task involved.

For fast, effective relief, spend a little time keeping your hands, wrists, forearms and shoulders physically fit and balanced. A good stretch and exercise program is the key to not only preventing carpal tunnel syndrome but also treating it. Effective conservative treatment involves creating muscle balance around susceptible joints in order to reduce compression of underlying nerves. The solution is plain, simple and effective.

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Lupus And Arthritis – How They Go Hand In Hand

If you suffer from lupus, chances are good that you suffer from arthritis as part of the condition. This condition is one in which individuals often face pain in their body and, like arthritis, something with the body's immune system does not function the way that it should and the end result is that the body is attacked by its own white blood cells. In lupus, the body is attacked in many places including the tissues of various parts of your body. That is like arthritis, which is generally characterized by the immune system attacking the tissue in the joints of the body.

Do You Have Lupus? Symptoms To Be Aware Of

Lupus can affect anyone but it is more sooner to be found in African, Native American or Asian heritage. Women are more likely to get it 9 out of 10 times and it especially happens to those that are from age 14 through 45. The symptoms of lupus can be very different from one person to the next, but they will likely include some of these. Joints that ache and are painful, swollen joints, fevers that rise to 100 degrees Fahrenheit or more without any other explanation, pain in the chest, a butterfly like rash on the shoulders and nose, loss of hair, or prolonged fatigue.

When you have lupus, you have an increased chance of having arthritis of one type of another. Most commonly, this will mean pain in the joints that leads to swelling there. Some individuals characterize their pain as being that of stiffness as when they wake up in the morning they may feel more pain and discomfort then when they are using their joint. In some patients that have arthritis with lupus, the arthritis pain can come and go. It may last a few days, weeks or longer then will not be noticeable until the next bout. One thing that is good to note is that the type of arthritis that you may be prone to getting with lupus is actually not as crippling as other forms of arthritis in general.

There are other complications that come from lupus, though, that can be worrisome. One of the tell tale signs of lupus includes skin conditions. Usually a rash will form on the skin across the nose and checks. In addition, sores may develop in the mouth as well as cause hair loss. There are different types of lupus which also determine the type and severity of the skin complications that can be found in lupus patients.

Other problems that lupus can cause include kidney problems, which can lead to life threatening conditions. Blood problems can also play a role in the condition that you face. If the amount of red blood cells in your body drops (or white blood cells) there is a problem that can lead to the insufficiency of the blood to clot.

Working with your doctor, you can handle both lupus and arthritis and the complications that they bring to the table.

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Surgery – Is it Effective?

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a painful condition that is characterized by symptoms such as pain, swelling, numbness, tingling, paresthesia (pins and needles) and loss of strength and coordination in the thumb, index, middle and sometimes one-half of the ring finger . Not all of the symptoms or fingers have to be affected simultaneously as symptoms often vary and may move around. (Symptoms present in the ring and little finger are not carpal tunnel syndrome and instead are related to ulnar nerve entrapment in disorders like Guyon's Syndrome and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome.)

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is the most common nerve entrapment disorder in the past decade and is generally caused by muscle strength and length imbalance that exists between the flexor muscles that close the hand and the extensor muscles that open the hand, resulting in excessive pressure on the median nerve. Surgery is one option for treating this disabling condition; however, it remains a controversial choice and it is important to fully understand the risks and benefits involved.

There are many invasive and non-invasive treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome including medication, exercise, wrist splinting, and corticosteroid nerve injections. Surgery is by far the most invasive procedure and it merits careful forethought as a major of those undergoing the knife may obtain some relief, long-term relief has a very poor success rate. In contrast, the vast majority of patients fare better with conservative treatment and it is estimated that less than 1/3 require surgical intervention. Indeed, surgery is only recommended when there is persistent, debilitating pain, deteriorated grip or grinding, muscle flattening and all other conservative methods have been tried.

There are multiple forms of surgery for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome including open hand surgery and endoscopic surgery, a less invasive incision through the muscle in the palm. Symptoms such as pain and numbness usually begin to improve in about 18-days with endoscopic release and about 38-days with open release surgery. Muscle coordination, control, and strength may initially worsen following surgery, and a return to pre-operative status may take several months for some people, depending on the procedure performed, age, severity of symptoms and length of injury present prior to surgery. Significant improvement to pre-injury status may take as much as two years to achieve, if it comes at all according to the following carpal tunnel surgery statistics:

· Only 23% of all Carpal Tunnel Syndrome patients returned to their previous courses following surgery, according to the Bureau of Labor & Statistics and the National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health (1997-2000 Statistics).

· Carpal Tunnel Surgery has about a 57% failure rate following patients from 1-day to 6-years. At least one of the following symptoms re-occurred during this time: Pain, Numbness, Tingling sensations. Source: Nancollas, et al., 1995. J. Hand Surgery.

The complications associated with surgery as well as the timeline to substantive recovery make it a last choice resort for most patients. Thankfully, there are numerous effective treatment alternatives that are much less invasive and provide more immediate and long-term relief for those disabled by Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Treatments – The Better Choice for Success

Studies of carpal tunnel syndrome show that when untreated, its output is poor, with many suffering for years without relief. Indeed, research on the natural history of the disorder indicates that patients with mild to moderate symptoms typically experience significant worsening in the first year that may extend for many years. Although many factors are linked to a poor course, bilateral impairment is a major predictor in a long-term negative exit of those suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome.

These findings speak to the importance of early intervention of carpal tunnel syndrome. There are numerous treatments available for carpal tunnel syndrome including invasive modalities such as open and endoscopic release surgery and cortisone injections, but most patients find it useful to begin with a conservative approach to therapy. This approach may involve rest or avoidance of exacerbating situations (eg, excessive typing). Treatment may also involve anti-inflammatory drugs designed to reduce swelling and tenderness.

It is rarely the case that the intervention techniques listed above are sufficient to treat carpal tunnel syndrome completely. Other interventions involve environmental modifications such as the therapeutic chairs and computer keyboard pads. In addition, wrist splinting is another popular treatment, but has shown to be a highly ineffective option as it puts undue pressure on the median nerve and allows existing muscle imbalances to worsen. (Note: A positive output has been shown when wrist braces are used for night use only in order to keep the wrist straight. / impingement of the median nerve.)

The most successful approach in eliminating carpal tunnel syndrome quickly and effectively is correcting muscle imbalances in the hand and forearm with simple therapeutic exercises. These exercises focus on stretching and lengthening the overused flexor muscles that flex (bend) the fingers and wrist in order to relieve compression of the median nerve, and the strengthening of the extensor muscles that extend (straighten) the fingers and wrist as the extensor muscles act as the main stabilizers for the hand when performing all gripping activities.

By strengthening and stretching the appropriate muscles, it is possible to correct the muscle imbalance that causes nerve entrapment within the carpal tunnel without having to resort to splints or braces, or having to rely on invasive treatments like cortisone injections or surgery which have a very low rate of success as shown below:

· Surgery: The average failure rate is 57% after following the patient from 1-day to 6-years. At least one of the following symptoms re-occurred during this time, pain, numbness, and tingling sensations.

· Steroid Injection: The FAILURE RATE for total elevation after a one-year follow-up is about 75.6% of all patients.

With conservative treatments showing a much higher rate of short-term success and with greater long-term relief, it is easy to see that non-invasive treatments are a much better choice. Remember to always talk with your primary care giver so that you may investigate the choice that fits your lifestyle best.

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Eliminate Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in Five Easy Steps

Everyone is too busy to read “how to” articles anymore – the reason for my creating of this top-5 list for eliminating Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

If someone has Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, I hope they spend the three minutes it will take to read this article. If they do not then they do not deserve to get any better, and believe me, I've a lot of people claiming they have Carpal Tunnel Syndrome but spend more time whining than doing anything to correct the condition … and therefore in my opinion, they deserve to suffer.

It is this same mentality that leads to Carpal Tunnel surgery. They talk, whine and complain but do not do anything to get better because they want someone to make it go away for them, the reason surgery and splints exist. It would just be too much if a person had to apply some form of effort regarding their own health and safety by performing research and implementing the necessary steps to initiate relief!

Okay, enough of the sarcasm, let's get down to the business of quickly and effectively eliminating Carpal Tunnel. And we all know people want quick and easy no matter what it is: Driving and eating vs. sitting at home with the family and eating, a car wash vs. using the hose in the driveway, email and text messaging instead if writing an actual letter, pills vs. a change in diet and exercise and the list goes on. The need for ease of use can be applied to a variety of muscle imbalances and repetitive strain injuries in the upper extremity; one of them known by everyone as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome or CTS for short.

Carpal tunnel syndrome is everywhere so how does someone get rid of it as quickly and easily as getting a hamburger at the drive-up window? Here is my top 5 ways (drive-up window) for individuals to prevent or eliminate Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

1. Flextend / Restore Exercises: I really can not say enough about this simultaneous form of active exercise and stretching. If this does not work, which is not too likely, something else may be necessary or the co9ndition may not even be Carpal Tunnel. Other disorders are often misdiagnosed as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Surgery may be the final alternative, but these active exercises and stretches are certainly the first thing to try, and most often the only thing you will need!

2. Stretching Routine: Stretching is extremely important in eliminating Carpal Tunnel Syndrome as it helps correct any existing muscle imbalance, stabilizes the joint and reduces compression of the median nerve. The key here is to stretch the muscles on the front of your hands and wrists. (The wrist and forearm flexors.)

3. Back Exercises: Many people have the hanging head and rounded shoulders, which equals poor posture. Poor post increases the chances of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome as it transfers stress to the hands and wrists more instead of allowing the shoulders and back to bear most of the workload.

4. Ergonomics: No matter what a person does for a living, they need to make sure the job fits their physical build. Customized workstations, ergonomic tools, task rotation and other strain reducing techniques must be used to prevent undo stress to workers. If a person is functioning in a non-ergonomic situation, they need to talk to their supervisor about implementing an ergonomics program to reduce injuries and increase productivity.

5. Massage Therapy and Rest: Relaxation massage is great as an adjunct to these other modes, but more specific site-therapy should be performed for those already experiencing symptoms of CTS. Working directly on the tight wrist and forearms flexor muscles can reduce compression of the median nerve and associated symptoms. Rest is also a good idea. People who are always on the go are often more tense and subject to injury.

Note: Be sure to consult with your health care practitioner before implementing exercise or therapy programs. But, if you do not feel that they are addressing your needs, get a second or even a third opinion!

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How To Eliminate The Pain of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Choosing a career as an accountant has spared me from most work related health problems. Atop my padded chair in a climate-controlled office, only an occasional paper cut or being punctured by a mechanical pencil stand as potential physical dangers. However, I have become painfully aware of some physical ailments that have affected me directly because of the way that I work. These ailments are known as “heel spurs” and “carpal tunnel syndrome.”

Fortunately, simply changing some habits and doing certain exercises have allowed me to overcome both of these ailments. This article deals with carpal tunnel syndrome, which is an ailment that is common to accountants and others we work with.

After a long day banging on a keyboard or calculator, the wrists and hands of many of us are literally throbbing. One of the worst cases I have seen was that experienced by a business owner client. He had actually gone so far as to have corrective surgery on one wrist and was ready to have it done on the other also. Even after the surgery, the pain seemed to be coming back. At this point, an acquaintance told him how to prevent the problem. The solution was to keep his wrist straight and the hands pointing downward whenever he typed. Once he followed this advice, his pain went away and with it, the need for more surgeries.

This seemed a little too easy. Sure, we have all seen workers wearing wrist splints, etc. I had one secretary who was one and yet was still in pain and ready to file a workers comp claim. The splint was not doing much good since she was not using it consistently and did not understand the theory behind it. However, if you train yourself to not wiggle your fingers without your wrist is straight or your hands are pointed downwards, you will eliminate the problem. When I first got into accounting, I did not have a keyboard in my office other than a calculator. Now, of course, there is a keyboard and mouse on every desk. Along with the new computers have come the complaints of sore wrists and hands. Personally, I felt only limited pain since I had not yet become computer dependent.

Once I heard the story from my client, I set out to test the theory, beginning with those suffering the most. I watched how they worked and immediately saw that they were bending back their hands as they were typing. By changing the work station, angling the keyboard or utilizing little wrist rests, the kink in the wrist was eliminated and with it the pain. One associate, however, kept complaining about his right wrist. Betraying how long ago this was, I need to explain that he was also the one who had migrated to using the Windows software ahead of the rest of us. As a result, he was a constant mouse clicker. By developing a makeshift wrist rest for his mouse hand, we were able to eliminate the source of this pain also.

Nowadays, everyone in my office uses a large marble type mouse so that they have their wrists above instead of behind the device. Interestingly, ergonomic desks and chairs are useless if the issue is not clearly understood and these tools are not used to address the underlying problem. For example, I keep my keyboard on top of my full sized desk, causing me to reach up and over the keyboard and eliminating the problem. Actually, when the wrist is straight, people can generally pound a keyboard forty hours a week and not experience pain.

Of course, all of this makes perfect sense. Piano teachers have always demanded that their students practice and play with straight wrists. Bending the wrist back even a little and then furiously wiggling our fingers is unnatural and causes pressure on the Median Nerve. Keeping this up for an extended length of time will result in excruciating pain. So there you have it- a commonsense solution to a physical ailment that is common to office workers such as me. Of course, if this approach does not work, you will need to see a doctor. However, a mystery and frustration for me is that doctors seem eager to treat pain without educating patients as to how to prevent its cause in the first place.

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Don’t Let Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Become Debilitating

Imagine what life would be like if your hands did not work the way you are used to. Imagine if something as simple as brushing your teeth was painful; if something as routine as opening a jar lid was nearly impossible. This is what carpal tunnel sufferer's deal with every day.

When you have carpal tunnel syndrome, the median nerve that runs down your arm becomes irritated because of an unusual amount of pressure. It leads to pain, weakness, and numbness in your hand, especially in the thumb and index finger.

It is commonly believed that certain types of work that require repetitive movements of the arm and wrist can lead to carpal tunnel syndrome. The truth is the relationship between repetitive stress and carpal tunnel syndrome is unclear. We do know for sure that certain conditions put you at higher risk for carpal tunnel syndrome. Rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, or thyroid disorders all increase the risk that your median nerve will become inflamed. Alcoholism and wrist fractures can also cause carpal tunnel syndrome.

In many cases, mild carpal tunnel syndrome can be treated with a wrist brace. Sometimes the condition is even self-correcting. If it does persist, you could suffer from permanent nerve damage, so it is a good idea to consult with a doctor if you have been living with wrist pain and numbness for a long time. In extreme cases, your doctor may recommend surgery to relate the pressure on your nerve.

Preventative Measures are Best

An even better response to carpal tunnel syndrome is to take steps early on to relieve and eliminate your symptoms. As I mentioned above, often a simple wrist brace (available at your grocery or drug store) is sufficient to correct the condition. You can also try several other natural options.

One often-recommended treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome is vitamin B6. There is conflicting evidence regarding the effectiveness of vitamin B6 as a treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. However, vitamin B6 is something your body needs anyway, so it does not hurt to begin taking a vitamin B-complex. It can take up to three months to notice a difference. Follow the dosage guide when taking a B-complex because some B vitamins can become toxic in high amounts.

Another potential treatment is the use of laser acupuncture. In this treatment an infrared laser is directed onto acupuncture points along the affected arm and hand. In one study, participants experienced a significant lessening of carpal tunnel symptoms that increased up to three years. 1 If you can find a natural solution that works effectively you'll save yourself the expense and pain of surgery. And of course there's no guarantee that surgery will have a positive result.

Your best defense to this crippling disease is to be aware of how you use your hands, wrists and arms. Never over strain these parts of your body in a continuous and repetitive exercise. And if you feel pain in your wrist up through your arm … please stop what you're doing and see a doctor in most cases.

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Top Tips To Treat And Prevent Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What is the difference between Elton John and a computer operator? Give up? Well, all the piano players are a lot less likely to get carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). If we typed, price-scanned, or sewed the way piano players tickle the ivories, wrists straight, hands and fingers almost level with the keyboard, this debilitating wrist injury could often be prevented. The carpal tunnel is a passageway that leads through your wrist. Nine tendons plus the median curve which feeds motor and sensory impulses to the thumb, index finger, third finger, and half of the ring finger run through this tunnel of bone and ligament. If you have CTS, the tissues in this tunnel swell, compressing the median nerve.

This pressure means that the median nerve can not translate electrical impulses from the brain as well as it should. Think of the median nerve as a radio or TV cable. If it stops sending a clear signal, you get static. Faulty signals from a compressed medical nerve can cause tingling, numbness, and pain in the fingers, wrist, and even the forearm. Many people think of CTS as an occupational hazard, caused by too much time at the computer. But any repetitive stress on the wrist such as needlepoint, steady driving, and even golf can trigger carpal tunnel syndrome. And continuous wrist-twisting is not the only culprit. The so-called passive form of CTS is caused by health conditions such as diabetes, thyroid disease, arthritis, and even pregnancy.

CTS may sound scary to some people. However here are some ways to find relief.

Put the ache on ice. Fill a plastic bag with ice, wrap it in a thin towel, and vigorously rub it over the top of your wrist. The ice helps reduce fluid retention around the ligament that covers the carpal tunnel, which reduces the pressure on the median nerve.

Keep your wrist in neutral. Wear a wrist splint. You will find wrist splints in any drugstore. Make sure that the splint you buy keeps your wrist absolutely straight. When you rest your splinted hand, palm up, on a table, it should lie flat, with your wrist in line with your forearm. Wear the splint at night, too. Many people with CTS flex their wrists when they sleep, irritating the median nerves.

Try B6. Take 50 milligrams of vitamin B6 twice a day. People with carpal tunnel syndrome tend to be deficient in this vitamin, which is associated with nerve function. Some people with CTS can get dramatic relief with B6. Nerves seem to respond to this specific vitamin, although we are not sure why. Bear in mind to consult your physician before taking this vitamin B6. High dosages of the vitamin can cause numbness in the feet and unco-regulation when walking.

Reach for the sky. Keep your hands above the level of your heart as often as you can. Accumulated fluid in your hands can increase the pressure on the median nerve. When you sit on your couch, for example, rest your elbows and hands on top of the backrest rather than keeping your hands in your lap. Also raise your hands two or three times a day for a few minutes to help prevent numbness and tingling.

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Top 7 Tips To Relieve Wrist Pain

You may not realize just how important your wrists are until one of them gets hurt. There are basically two types of wrist injury. One is acute, such as a sprain or a fraction. The other is overuse, caused by the repetitive motion of activities such as typing. The overuse injury that most often affects the wrists is tendinitis. People who use their hands a lot such as carpenters, computer operators, musicians can develop tendinitis if the tendons in their wrists are not strong and flexible enough. Overuse can also affect the ulnar nerve, which runs along pinkie side of the wrist and hand. And it can cause tissues in the wrist to swell and put pressure on the median nerve, leading to carpel tunnel syndrome. Both conditions can produce tingling, numbness, and pain in the fingers and hands as well as in the wrists. Here are some tips that you can consider to adopt to treat wrist pain.

1. Build Some Muscles

You can prevent future wrist pain by strengthening the muscles in your forearms. It is recommended holding a 6-ounce can of tomato paste in each hand and flexing your wrists back and forth 15 to 20 times. Or you can simply squeeze a tennis ball in each hand. Squeeze the ball for 5 seconds and release, then repeat 12 to 15 times.

2. Ease Back Into It

A wrist that has been immobilized may become stiff from lack of use. Some gentle stretching can help restore flexibility. It is recommended pressing on a tabletop with the palm of your hand. Bend your wrist until you reach the angle of pain, then back off just a hair. By riding the edge of discomfort and stopping just before you feel pain, you are doing beneficial stretching. Hold this position or as long as you find comfortable, working up to 2 minutes. Repeat three to four times daily.

3. Treat It Gingerly

A compress made from ginger can draw out toxins and accelerate the healing process. To make the compress, simply boil some grated gingerroot, allow it to cool, place it in a moist washcloth, and lay the washcloth over your wrist. The washcloth should be as hot as you can tolerate. Leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes, and repeat every other hour.

4. Keep Still

For a more severe case of tendinitis, immobilizing the joint with an elastic wrist support may provide some relief. You will find these devices in drugstores and medical supply stores. It is recommended wearing one while you sleep, to prevent your wrist from twisting awkwardly as well as during your waking hours, when your wrist is in use. The support should keep your wrist in about 10-degree dorsiflex position. In other words, if your palm is facing downwards, your wrist should be bent slightly upward.

5. Put It On The Rocks

Ice is a vasoconstrictor. That means it decrees the blood supply in your wrist, which helps reduce any swelling. It is recommended putting ice cubes in a plastic bag, wrapping the bag in a towel, and applying the pack to your wrist for about 20 minutes. Repeat the treatment four to six times a day.

6. Raise Your Hand

Elevation is not as crucial for an injured wrist as for an injured ankle or knee. Still, it can help keep any swilling down. Just be sure to prop your wrist so that it is above heart level.

7. Turn On The Heat

Once any swapping subsides, or if your wrist simply feels stiff and achy, heat can help. It is recommended to follow these instructions. Rub vinegar on your wrist, cover it with plastic, then apply a heating pad wrapped in a towel for about 20 minutes. You can repeat this treatment every hour as needed.

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Conquering Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Do you feel tingling or numbness in your fingers or hand?

This may be a signal of developing carpal tunnel syndrome. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a painful progressive condition caused by compression of a key nerve in the wrist.
Try to start with conquering carpal tunnel syndrome to avoid surgery.

Try it by hand and wrist exercises with Gyro Exercise Ball. The Gyro Exercise Ball has been medically recommended as an ideal instrument by which to rehabilitate an injury to the hand, wrist, forearm or elbow.

Causes

Carpal tunnel is caused by increased pressure on a nerve entering the hand through the restricted space of carpal tunnel. There are many causes of carpal tunnel.

Heredity is the most important factor.

Hand use over time can play a role.

Repetitive motives of the hand and wrist

Hormonal changes related to pregnancy and menopause.

Medical conditions including diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and thyroid gland imbalance.

Risk factors

Carpal tunnel syndrome can result from overuse or strain in certain job tasks that require a combination of repetitive, forceful and awkward or stressed motors of your hands and wrists.

If diagnosed and treated early, carpal tunnel syndrome can be relieved without surgery.

Symptoms

Symptoms usually begin gradually, without a specific injury and occurrence at any time.

– Pain radiating or extending from your wrist up your arm to your shoulder or down into your palm or fingers.

– A sense of weakness in your hands and tendency to drop objects.

– A constant loss of feeling in some fingers.

Conquer carpal tunnel syndrome by hand and wrist eexercise with a Gyro Exercise Ball.

A Gyro Exercise Ball can be used for exercise, therapy and sport.

It works isometrically to gently stress the damaged area in a perfectly smooth, even manner which can not be replicated by normal exercise therefore lending itself to the gentle rehabilitation of carpal tunnel syndrome, repetitive stress injuries and arthritic conditions.

It is also ideal for sports like Golf, Squash and all activities demanding power in the arms, hands and wrists. It is also great for musicians.

Surgery may be considered if carpal tunnel syndrome continues to bother you and you do not gain relief from nonsurgical treatment. You can avoid this by Conquering Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in terms of Hand and Wrist Exercise with Gyro Exercise Ball.

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Hand Arthritis – Different Treatments

Hand arthritis is the most common form of arthritis that mainly affects the fingers. As in most forms of arthritis the joints became inflamed resulting in pain. Essentially, a joint is made up of two bones that are covered by cartilage and are conjoined together moving smoothly across each other. If this smooth surface becomes damaged or wears out over time, arthritis will result

Hand arthritis is specifically painful and debilitating due to the fact that hands have nineteen bones and eight small bones that has several small joints. The more common forms of hand arthritis include osteoarthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Further causes of hand arthritis may include psoriasis, gout and infection.

Hand osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear on the hand joints over time resulting in inflammation and pain. Normally it is a result of this wear and tear, however it can also be the result of a specific hand injury. Hand osteoarthritis arthritis generally develops either along the bottom of the thumb, the wrist, the end joint that is closest to the tip of the finger and the middle joint of the finger.

The most common symptoms of hand arthritis are pain, swelling and reduced movement resulting in diminished grip and pinch strength. The doctor or physician will also examine all other joints to help aid the diagnosis of hand arthritis. The doctor can also determine the severity of the hand arthritis by observing the clinical appearance of the hand. Further to this X-rays will be utilized to further identify the severity of hand arthritis by seeking potential bony outgrowths.

There are various treatments and forms of decreasing the pain of hand arthritis. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory medications will typically be the first treatment utilized for hand arthritis. Resting the hand is also critical in terms of re-habilitating the area- a hand or wrist support may be required to aid this re-habilitation.

Physical therapy for hand arthritis has also been proven to be very effective as a treatment option. There are specific exercises, which can help in loosing the stiffened joints caused by the hand arthritis. Steroids can also be injected locally into the affected area, however this is only a form of pain relief, and certainly not a long-term treatment option for hand arthritis.

Surgery is most certainly the last resort as a treatment option for hand arthritis . The doctor or physician will seriously evaluate the patient's health, age, weight and risks of complications before recommending hand surgery as a viable treatment option for hand arthritis.

Hand arthritis can be an extremely debilitating condition, however with proper diagnosis by your doctor or physician the symptoms can be effectively managed and rehabilitation can take place. Like most forms of arthritis early diagnosis is the key to aid recovery in hand arthritis.

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Carpal Tunnel Symptoms

Do you wake up at night, with numbing fingers and hands? Do have pain shooting up the arms with a cramping sensation? If this is the case, you are exhibiting carpal tunnel symptoms.

Carpal tunnel symptoms appear differently in each person. Some might experience the pain at night sleeping while other experience pain when working with their hands. Not only people that work with computers or typing can acquire this condition but also, people that do a lot of dexterity work with their hands are at high risk for this condition.

The carpal tunnel itself is a small passageway from the arm to the bottom of the wrist. The nerve and tendons within the passage cause the hand to flex and bend. Nerves and tendons within the passage became compressed causing motor skills to weakened, and pain to the fingers and hand.

Carpal tunnel symptoms other than numb fingers and hands, could be cramping up the arm, pain in fingers or arm, a feeling of swollenness in the hand or fingers, a person's grip weaknesses, and sense of warmth or cold can go away.
Middle aged men are likely to get the condition, however women are 3 times more likely to develop this condition. Women going through menopause can have a high risk of getting carpal tunnel.

Heredity could be another cause of getting this type of condition. If close family member such as mom, dad, and grandsparents had or have the condition, the chances are soon next generation will have the same condition.

Certain health conditions can cause carpal tunnel symptoms. Thyroid disorders, diabetes, obesity and some types of arthritis will increase risk for this condition. People who smoke will have a higher risk factor with this condition than people who do not smoke. People who smoke will take a longer time to heal than non-smokers would take to heal.

With this condition, a person can apply heat to the wrist to help with pain, cool packs for swelling. Keep the arm, hand, and wrist immobile. A wrist splint can help this condition. A person would be able to still use the arm and hand with some mobility of the wrist. The splint will help keep the wrist straight, also helping the passage to open.

A person that has carpal tunnel symptoms should first check with a doctor to make sure a person has this condition. Other diseases and conditions can cause a person to have these types of symptoms. Once a person checks with their doctor and is diagnosed with the condition, the doctor and person can talk over the different therapies to use.

Carpal tunnel is a condition a person can live with and continue working. In some cases, a person may have to seek other employment, as this is only in certain cases. Taking care of a person's hands and wrist is important. Always give your hands and wrist a break.

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How To Treat And Prevent Wrist Pain

The wrist is an unusual joint because stiffness or even fusion causes relatively little difficulty, while if it is wobbly and unstable there can not be real problems. The wrist provides the platform from which the fine motives of the fingers operate. It is essential that this platform be stable. The eight wrist bones form a rather crude joint that is very limited in motion compared with, for example, the shoulder, but which is strong, and stable. Almost no regular human activities require the wrist to be bent all the way back or all the way forward, and the fingers do not operate as well as when the wrist is fully flexed or fully extended.

The wrist platform works best when the wrist is bent upward just a little. When the wrist is in proper position, you can pull or push most efficiently. To illustrate this position, make a fist and put your thumb in the middle of the wrist. Looking down your arm, the thumb should be on an imaginary horizontal line going straight down the middle of your forearm.

The wrist is very frequently involved in rheumatoid arthritis, and the side of the wrist by the thumb is very commonly involved in osteoarthritis.

The “carpal tunnel syndrome” can cause pain at the wrist. In this syndrome, the median nerve is trapped and squeezed as it passes through the fibrous carpal tunnel in the front of the wrist. Usually the squeezing results from too much inflammatory tissue. The cause can be tennis playing, a blow to the front of the wrist, canoe paddling, rheumatoid arthritis, or many other activities that repeatedly flex and extend the wrist. In addition to wrist pain, this syndrome can cause pains to shoot down into the fingers or up into the forearm; usually there is a numb feeling in the fingers, as if they were sleep.

You can diagnose this syndrome pretty well yourself. The numbness in the fingers will not involve the little finger and often will not involve the half of the ring finger near the little finger. If you tap with a finger on the front of the wrist, you may get a sudden tingling in the fingers similar to the feeling of hitting your funny bone. Tingling and pain in the carpal tunnel syndrome may be worse at right or when the wrists are bent down.

The key to management of wrist pain is splinting. Since stability is essential and loss of motion is not as serious in the wrist as in other joints, the treatment strategy is a little different. Exercises to stretch the joint are not very important. The strategy is to rest the joint in the position of best function. Wrist splints are available at hospital supply stores and some drugstores. Any that fit you are probably all right. The splint will be of plastic or aluminum and the hand rest will cock your wrist back just a bit. You can put a cloth sleeve around the splint to make it more comfortable against your skin and wrap the splint on your arm gently with an elastic bandage to keep it in place. That's all there is to it. Wear it all the time for a few days, then just at night for a few weeks. This simple treatment is all that is required for most wrist flare-ups. Even the carpal tunnel syndrome is initially treated by splinting. But since nerve damage is potentially serious, give your doctor a call if you seem to have the carpal tunnel syndrome.

No major pain medication should be necessary. Aspirin and similar-strength medications are all right but probably will not help very much. If you are taking a prescribed anti-inflammatory drug be certain that you are taking it just as directed; sometimes a flare-up is simply due toadequate medication. If you know what triggered the pain, work out a way to avoid that activity. Common sense means listen to the pain message.

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Hand Arthritis – The 3 Different Types Of The Disease

Arthritis of the hand is one of the more common forms of arthritis. Because the hand contains many joints, the risk of having hand arthritis is higher than in other parts of the body. It is composed of two bones on each forearm, and nineteen bones on the hand excluding another additional eight smaller bones.

The most common types of hand arthritis are: post-traumatic (arthritis which occurs as a result of someone having an accident), rheumatoid and osteoarthritis.

Post-Traumatic Hand Arthritis

Post-traumatic is usually associated with pain as the hand went through possible pressure that caused inflammation. This usually goes away after a while as the swapping subsides, although in some cases where the trauma was severe therapy or even hand surgery may be required.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis of the hand is another type which becomes more likely to happen as old age neighbors. People 40 years old and above are the most common victims of hand osteoarthritis. Some studies suggest low levels of Vitamin K as a probable cause of osteoarthritis.

This is a degenerative condition, and years after diagnosis it may often deform the hand making movement more difficult, making simple chores using the hand more complicated.

The joint called carpal-metacarpal, found in the thumb is frequently the part people with osteoarthritic hands complain of. The small bones between each finger with cartilages covering the bone become irregular.

Rheumatoid

Another kind of hand arthritis is the more complex rheumatoid arthritis. Here the synovial tissues of the hand affect the bone that is enclosed by a cartilage. The inflammation in the tissue hampers what is normally a fluid movement of the joint.

Those who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis of the hand usually also endure arthritis in different parts of the body. Like osteoarthritis it is also more common to people with old age as this comes from exertion of joints accumulated through the years.

The knuckles and the wrist are the common victims of this pain. Tendon fissure may also be amassed after a while of living with its symptoms. This may also deform the hand if inflammation spreads through the ligaments around the tissue.

Rheumatoid arthritis differs among patients. Others suffer from this only for short periods of time and then lose all symptoms while while others go through with its consequent pain endlessly with the pain flaring at times. Some temporarily develop into permanent damage that disables them forever.

Symptoms Of Hand Arthitis

Nagging pain in the hand is the first symptom of hand arthritis. Swelling is also an accompaniment together with difficult movement. Mundane tasks such as grabbing or pinching becomes difficult. A squeaking sound may also be noticed and the misshapen hand becomes apparent.

A thorough evaluation by an orthopedic doctor that will assess the severity of the hand should be established. The physician usually subjects the patient to an x-ray and blood test if soreness is evident.

Possible Cures For Hand Arthritis

There is no single cure for hand arthritis that could possibly eliminate the disease and prevent it from re-occurring. The most frequent solution is pain relievers prescribed by doctors to alleviate the suffering of the patient. There are those that require anti-inflammatory medications often already present in those pain killers. Steroids taken orally can also be another form while others require injections of corticortisone of the area affected by arthritis.

There are also specialists called rheumatologists who can closely monitor your medication and therapy to give you instructions on the proper management of your arthritis. This could be great as he can cater directly to what drugs or exercise your arthritis pain is most comfortable with.

Another way to deal with arthritis is through surgery. This is recommended for those who suffer from advanced stages of arthritis. There are different types of surgery for different types of arthritic problems.

Hand surgeons fix tendon fissures through grafting or through transferring tendons to the damaged area. Joint lining extraction, synthesis, replacements may be performed. In extreme cases bone removal may be needed. This just goes to show that hand arthritis is a serious condition, so if you suspect that you may have it, you should take action as soon as possible.

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

You may be sleeping at night or maybe working at your keyboard and suddenly an arrow of fire shoots through your fingers, blazes through your wrists, and travels up your arm, ending in your elbow. Your fingers tingle at the impact and then the wrist and the fingers become numb. Has this happened to you ever? Do your fingers, especially the thumb, the index finger and the middle finger tingle and occasionally go numb and you feel you're losing your firm grip? If these symptoms match with what you might be experiencing now and then, there's a distinct possibility that you're suffering from a condition known in medical terminology as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Before we launch into the remedies available, let's inform ourselves a bit about where exactly this tunnel is located and why this syndrome causes so much discomfort. But even before we take the first step we must know that numbness of the fingers and the wrist is the most important sign of this syndrome.

Now coming back to where we were, the carpal tunnel is a circular passage in the wrist through which the medium nerve and tendons which control the flexing of the fingers and the palms pass. If for some reason the median nerve gets compressed, discomfort starts. Any bending of the wrists causes the aperture in the carpal tunnel to get smaller and some pressure is exerted on the median nerve. The reason for such a compression can also be as simple as sleeping with bent wrists! Occidentally it happens to all of us, but if the symptoms persist, a visit to the doctor is necessary.

Usually it's believed that this problem is the result of repetitive and forceful use of the lower arm and wrists and is generally found among manual workers. Also those who work for long hours in postures which are not ergonomically correct may put additional pressure on their shoulders and upper limbs, and these may add up to causing pain in the lower arm or numbness of the wrists.

What should you do to prevent this syndrome from attacking you? Well, the common sense answer is take frequent breaks from work which involves repetitive use of fingers and wrists – such as pounding away for hours at the computer keyboard. These days certain programs such as Workrave and Xwrists are available which prompt the users to take a break and rest their wrists!

The other available means of treatment include use of braces which immobilize the wrists. However, doctors these days prefer physiotherapy over braces and in many cases, a physiotherapist is able to help treat Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

For temporary relief, steroid injections can also be administered in the wrists, but if the pain refuses to go away and becomes progressively more and more unbearable, medication and surgery are the only options left. Use of anti-inflammatory injections such as cortisone is popular among doctors.

The surgical option basically cuts the transverse carpal ligament into two parts. This ligament is a very large one stretching right from the base of the thumb to the base of the little finger. This also forms the roof of the carpal tunnel. So, when the orthopedic surgeon cuts it into two, it is no longer able to exert pressure on the median nerve and the patient gets permanent relief.

If the pain persists or gets more acute after you have scrupulously followed the above steps, then it is time to meet your doctor who will surely try to bail you out of your difficulties.

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